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Which Person?

1. Ways to express ‘which person’

The ways to help people know which person:

1. The person/thing + ‘prepositional phrase’
2. The person/thing + ‘participle phrase’

2. How to use the prepositional phrase

Prepositional phrases use prepositions.

Prepositions include:
on, in, under, next to, by, with

To make a prepositional phrase:
subject + preposition + noun

SubjectPrepositionNounFull sentence
The childinthe cornerThe child in the corner.
The womanbythe doorThe woman by the door.
The manwiththe beardThe man with the beard.

3. How to use the participle phrase

Participle phrases use …ing.

Examples of participle phrases are:
doing …, going …., sitting …

To make a participle phrase:
subject + participle phrase + noun

Subject…ingNounFull sentence
The childsitting inthe cornerThe child sitting in the corner.
The womandrinkingthe wineThe woman drinking the wine.
The manspeaking tothe doctorThe man speaking to the doctor.

4. Using prepositional phrases and participle phrases

Preposition phrases and participle phrases can be used together.
The preposition phrase usually comes first.

SubjectPrepositional phraseParticipal phraseFull sentence
The childwith the lollipopsitting in the cornerThe child with the lollipop sitting in the corner.
The womanwith the long back hairstanding by the doorThe woman with the long black hair standing by the door.
The manunder the tablehiding from the policeThe man under the table hiding from the police.

5. Adding adjectives

For more detail, add an adjective to the first noun.

The ugly child with the lollipop.The fashionable girl with the blue shoes dancing on the dancefloor.
The really tall woman standing by the door.The cowardly man under the table hiding from the police.

6. Exercises

Using adjectives, prepositional phrases and participle phrases, describe ‘which…’ for things in the room around you (example: the orange folder next to the blue book sitting on the table).

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