1. When to use the present perfect tense
The present perfect tense is for something that has happened between a time in the past and now.
The action has finished. The time has not finished.
2. Examples of unfinished times
Because the present perfect tense is between a time in the past and now, it uses phrases of unfinished time.
|today||in the last 3 days|
|this week||during my work|
|this year||my life|
*Recently can be finished or unfinished.
3. How to make the present perfect tense
To make the present perfect tense, use:
have + past participle (p.p.)
*P.p. = done, gone, seen, eaten, etc..
|I have gone to school.||The boys have stolen a car.|
|She has done her homework.||My computer has broken,|
|They have taken all my money.||Silvio has eaten my pudding and so I am going to kill him.|
4. Questions using the present perfect tense
To make a question in the present perfect tense, use:
question word + have + subject + p.p. + time phrase
*To make a yes/no question, do not use a question word.
*There is no need for a time phrase if people know what the time is.
|Question word||have||subject||p.p.||time phrase||full question|
|what||have||you||done||today||What have you done today?|
|what||have||they||eaten||this morning||What have they eaten this morning?|
|why||has||he||done||–||Why has he done that?|
|have||you||been||Have you been to Delhi?|
It is possible to talk about multiple actions within large periods of time.
|What have you done this morning?||I have woken up.|
I have eaten breakfast.
I have gone to school.
|What have you done this week?||I have visited my grandfather.|
I have gone to the cinema.
I have been to Beijing.
|Describe your life.||I have been to Las Vegas.|
I have graduated from high school.
I have got married and had 23 children.
5. Using ‘haven’t’
The present perfect tense can describe what you have not done.
For this, change ‘have’ to ‘haven’t’.
|He hasn’t cleaned the dishes today.||I haven’t met you in a long time.|
|She hasn’t been to Japan.||Henrietta hasn’t taken her exam yet.|
1. Answer these questions:
(i) What have you done today?
(ii) what have you done this week?
(iii) what have you done (in your life)?
2. Think of some things you haven’t done today.