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The Present Perfect Tense (Passive Voice)

1. Review: the present perfect tense

The present perfect is used for actions that have been completed before now.

It is summarised as:
action: finished
time: not finished

*Not finished times = now, today, this week, this month, my life, etc.

It is made by:
have + p.p.

*Perfect participle (p.p.) = gone, done, seen, eaten etc.

I have finished my work.They have visited Singapore six or seven times this year.
Peter has retired.Her parents have taken her bicycle to the shop.

2. Turning the present perfect into its passive voice

The passive voice changes ‘x did y’ to ‘y had something done to it by x’.

To turn the present perfect into its passive voice:
1. swap the subject and object
2. change ‘have + p.p.’ into ‘have been + p.p.’


Active sentencePassive sentence
I have done my homeworkThe homework has been done (by me).
They have finished the repairs.The repairs have been finished.
The salesman has sold that car.That car has been sold.

3. Exercises

1. Change these sentences into the passive voice:
(i) Someone has broken the television.
(ii) Somebody has opened a new bakery on the high street.
(iii) City have beaten United 2-1.

2. Change these sentences out of the passive voice:
(i) A tree has been pulled down by the wind.
(ii) This painting has been bought by an anonymous millionaire.
(iii) Fourteen bicycles have been stolen by the thieves this week alone.

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