1. What are possessives?
Possessives are words that tell us who owns a thing.
This is my money!
It is not your money.
There are different types of possessives:
– ‘add s’ possessives
– possessive determiners
– possessive pronouns
2. Adding ‘s’
For normal nouns, an ‘s’ can be added to tell us something belongs to it.
If the noun is singular (only one), an apostrophe goes before the s.
If the noun is plural (more than one), it usually already has an s. The apostrophe goes after the s.
|Singular noun||Possessive||Plural nouns||Possessive|
|the house||the house’s||the houses||the houses’|
|the teacher||the teacher’s||the teachers||the teachers’|
|a cat||a cat’s||cats||cats’|
|a city||a city’s||cities||cities’|
3. Examples of ‘s’ possessives
|The shop’s boss is old.||The companies’ owners are angry. (more than one company)|
|A man’s best friend is his dog.||Cats’ eyes shine in the dark. (more than one cat)|
|I took the girl’s chocolate bar.||The kids’ teacher plays the piano. (more than one kid)|
|We usually go to Ada’s house after school.||The jars’ contents smell terrible. (more than one jar)|
4. Possessive determiners
Possessive determiners are words that tell us who owns a thing.
They are based on subject pronouns.
|Subject pronoun||Possessive determiner||Example|
|I||my||It is my book.|
|you||your||It is your book.|
|he||his||It is his book.|
|she||her||It is her book.|
|it||its||It is its book.|
|we||our||It is our book.|
|they||their||It is their book.|
5. Examples of possessive determiners
|Don’t touch my computer!||They will use our tickets.|
|Your dinner is on the table.||There is no money in their bank account.|
|I like his new car.||Ted really hates her dog.|
6. Possessive pronouns
Possessive pronouns are words that tell us a thing belongs to someone.
While possessive determiners go with the noun (for example: this is my book), possessive pronouns go with the verb (for example: this book is mine).
|Subject pronoun||Possessive determiner||Example||Possessive pronoun||Example|
|I||my||this is my book||mine||the book is mine|
|you||your||this is your book||yours||the book is yours|
|he||his||this is his book||his||the book is his|
|she||her||this is her book||hers||the book is hers|
|it||its||this is its book||its||the book is its|
|we||our||this is our book||ours||the book is ours|
|they||their||this is their book||theirs||the book is theirs|
7. Possessive pronoun sentence patterns
Possessive pronouns can be the subject or the object in a sentence.
The most common patterns are:
- noun + verb + possessive pronoun
- possessive pronoun + be + adjective/noun
- possessive pronoun + verb + determiner
|Noun + verb + possessive||Possessive + be + adjective/noun||Possessive + verb + determiner|
|This is mine.||Theirs is the black dog.||Mine is this one.|
|Which house is yours?||Look at these houses. Yours is very nice.||Yours is that one over there.|
|The dog is hers.||Hers is the best dog here.||Hers is that dog next to the table.|
|You need a ticket? You can take ours.||You need a ticket? Ours is available.||Ours are these tickets.|
8. Test yourself
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