1. What are imperatives?
Imperatives are used to tell people to do something.
Imperatives can be used:
– to give orders
– to give instructions
– to invite people to do something
– on signs
2. How are imperatives made
Most sentences use subject + verb + object.
However, imperatives do not use a subject. This means the verb is the first, and most important, word.
|Sentence (with subject)||Imperative (without subject)|
|I closed the door.||Close the door.|
|You should be careful.||Be careful.|
|She will kill him.||Kill him.|
3. Imperatives that give orders
Some imperatives are said strongly, demanding a person do something.
|Be quiet!||Listen to the teacher.|
|Stop calling me.||Don’t look at me.|
|Go to school.||Tidy your room.|
|Come here.||Go away.|
4. Imperatives that give instructions
For imperatives that tell people how to do something, the opening verb acts as a guide.
|Write your name in the box.||Place your right hand on her waist.|
|Make sentences using these words.||Glue part 1 to part 2.|
|Send your application before the 10th.||Cook the meat for 15 minutes, then add the vegetables.|
|Wash at a cold temperature.||Open the box and take out the pieces.|
5. Imperatives that invite people to act
Invitations to act are often used as offers of kindness. They do not demand a person do something, but do tell a person you truly want them to take up your offer of kindness.
|Have a seat.||Take 10 minutes off.|
|Help yourself.||Take your shoes off and relax a little.|
|Take anything you want.||Please, come to my birthday party.|
|Put your bags on the table.||Eat, eat.|
6. Imperatives on signs
Rules must be clear instructions. They strongly tell a person what they can or cannot do.
|Do not enter.||Close after using.|
|Shake before use.||Stop at the junction.|
|Press here to turn on.||Shower before swimming.|
|Wash separately.||Twist the cap to open.|
7. Using ‘do’ to be more polite
Placing the word ‘do’ in front of the imperative can make it more polite.
However, that politeness may not be sincere.
|Do sit down.||Do shut up.|
|Please, do come.||Do go away.|
|Do be good.||Oh, do grow up.|
|Do help yourself to wine.||Do tell me why I should listen to you this time.|