1. What is the 0 conditional?
The 0 conditional is an ‘if’ phrase for relationships that are always true.
This means if x happens, y always happens.
Generally, this relationship is ’cause and effect’, meaning x makes y happen.
2. How to make the 0 conditional
To make the 0 conditional, use:
- if clause (if + present tense) + present tense clause
(if + present tense)
|Present tense clause||Example sentence|
|if it gets hot||ice melts||If it gets hot, ice melts|
|if people don’t drink water||they die||If people don’t drink water, they die.|
|if you drop a rock into the ocean||it sinks||If you drop a rock into the ocean, it sinks.|
|if you don’t cut your hair||it gets longer||If you don’t cut your hair, it gets longer.|
The ‘if clause’ can be placed at the start or at the end.
If the ‘if clause’ goes at the start, there is usually a comma between the two parts.
If the ‘if clause’ goes at the end, there is no need for a comma.
|‘if clause’ at start||‘if clause’ at end|
|If people don’t drink water, they die.||People die if they don’t drink water.|
|If you drop a rock into the ocean, it sinks.||A rock sinks if you drop it into the ocean.|
Complete the sentences using the 0 conditional:
(i) If you leave an apple if the sun for 2 weeks,…..
(ii) If you put the dog in the washing machine,…..
(iii) You are an idiot if ….