1. What are comparison?
Comparisons are used to compare two things.
That means saying one is bigger, smaller, fatter, etc..
2. How to make comparisons
Comparison start with adjectives.
There are two main ways to make comparisons:
- x (be) (adjective + er) than y
- x (be) (more + adjective) than y
Which structure to choose depends on how long the adjective is.
3. One syllable adjectives
For adjectives that are one syllable, add ‘-er’.
Sometimes small changes must be made to suit the adjective ending.
|Adjective ending||Example adjective||Comparison ending||Example comparison||Example sentence|
|–||short||er||shorter||Jules is shorter than that tree.|
|e||large||er||larger||Poland is larger than the UK.|
|single vowel + single consonant||fat||single vowel + double consonant + er||fatter||The cats are fatter than pigs.|
4. Examples for one syllable adjectives
|Adjective||adj. + er||Example sentence|
|tall||taller||Hamish is taller than his father.|
|short||shorter||Jodie is shorter than her sisters.|
|sweet||sweeter||Cola is sweeter than ice cream.|
|large||larger||A whale is larger than a shark.|
|nice||nicer||The boss said I should be nicer.|
|big||bigger||The company is getting bigger.|
|fat||fatter||I am fatter than I was last year.|
Good and bad
The comparison for ‘good’ is ‘better’.
The comparison for ‘bad’ is ‘worse’.
|Adjective||Comparison word||Example sentence|
|good||better||Sherry is better at Italian than Jill.|
|bad||worse||Malik is worse at singing than you.|
5. Two syllable adjectives
For adjectives that are two syllables, both ‘-er’ and ‘more …’ are used.
Which one is used is based on rules:
|Adjective ending||Example adjective||Comparison||Example comparison||Example sentence|
|–||stupid||…er||stupider||This class is stupider than any other in the school.|
|y||dirty||…ier||dirtier||The house looks dirtier than before we started spring cleaning.|
|…ing||boring||more …||more boring||Nicky finds films more boring than books.|
|…en||wooden||more …||more wooden||This Christmas’s toys are more wooden than last year’s.|
|…ed||tired||more …||more tired||Delia and Noel are more tired than they are telling you.|
|…ous||famous||more …||more famous||Why are singers more famous than scientists?|
|…ious||pious||more …||more pious||In his old age Marcus has become more pious.|
|…ful||cheerful||more …||more cheerful||My mother tells me I should be more cheerful. It is very annoying.|
6. Examples for two syllable adjectives
|simple||simpler||He finds maths simpler than history.|
|shallow||shallower||The water is shallower near the rocks.|
|spicy||spicier||This curry is spicier than the one your dad makes.|
|pretty||prettier||Brian’s girlfriend is prettier than his wife.|
|lively||livelier||Tre’s funeral was livelier than Mark’s party.|
|broken||more broken||After playing with the toy, it is more broken than it was yesterday.|
|tired||more tired||Thomas is more tired than before his holiday.|
|wicked||more wicked||The old man was more wicked than his wife.|
|pompous||more pompous||Jerry becomes more pompous as he gets older.|
|playful||more playful||The cat is more playful than the dog.|
7. Three or more syllable adjectives
Comparisons for long adjectives with three or more syllables use ‘more …’.
8. Examples for three syllable adjectives
|interesting||more interesting||This game is much more interesting than the last one.|
|delicious||more delicious||I think cherries are more delicious than oranges.|
|fascinating||more fascinating||The TV series gets more fascinating as it goes on.|
|dangerous||more dangerous||A hippopotamus is more dangerous than a giraffe.|
|outrageous||more outrageous||Frank’s behaviour is getting more outrageous. We should fire him.|
|colourful||more colourful||A woodpecker is more colourful than a sparrow.|
1. Compare two people you know. Who is taller? Who is fatter? Who is more beautiful/handsome?
2. Think of two superheroes. Compare them, and choose which one would win a fight (and why).
3. Imagine trying to sell something to someone. Tell them why the thing you are selling is better than the thing they already have.