Grammar 5

The Past Perfect Continuous Tense

1. What is the past perfect continuous tense? The past perfect continuous is used for: 1. showing how long an event happened before another event2. giving a reason for a past state 2. Past before past It is important to remember that past perfect continuous sentences have two events:1. Past…

The Future Perfect Continuous Tense

1. What is the future perfect continuous tense? The future perfect continuous tense is used to: 1. say how long an event will have been happening at a future time.2. give a reason for a state in the future. The future continuous needs a specific future time (e.g. 6pm, the…

The Past Perfect Tense

1. What is the past perfect tense? The past perfect is a past before another past. Therefore it needs two events:1. Past Event 1 (past tense)2. Past Event 2 (past perfect tense)*Past Event 2 happened before Past Event 1 2. How to make the past perfect tense The past perfect…

The Future Perfect Tense

1. What is the future perfect tense? The future perfect tense is used for:1. Events that haven’t happened yet, but will have been finished by a future time.2. Saying how long something will have happened for by a future time. 2. How to Make The Future Perfect Tense The future…

Reported Speech

1. What is reported speech? Reported speech is when you have to tell person x what person y said. 2. Reported recent speech If the thing was said recently, or you think it is still true, then don’t change the tense. Original speech Reported speech “That movie is awful!” He…

Even though vs. Despite

1. When do people use ‘even though’ or ‘despite’ (i) To show that although there is good reason for something to be true, it is actually not the case(ii)For surprise, or for something surprising. The ‘even though’ or ‘despite’ clause can come at the start of the sentence, or at…

Don’t Do That!

There are different ways to tell somebody they aren’t allowed to do something. 1. Speech Situation Phrase Examples common you can’t… 1) You can’t go out tonight.2) You can’t go, sorry. formal you aren’t allowed (to) … 1) You aren’t allowed to smoke here.2) You aren’t allowed to see her,…

The Future Perfect Tense (Passive Voice)

1. Review: the future perfect tense The future perfect tense is used for:1. actions that have not happened yet, but will have been finished by a time in the future.2. saying how long an action will have been happening by a future time. It requires a future time, and either…

The Present Perfect Tense (Passive Voice)

1. Review: the present perfect tense The present perfect is used for actions that have been completed before now. It is summarised as:action: finishedtime: not finished *Not finished times = now, today, this week, this month, my life, etc. It is made by:have + p.p. *Perfect participle (p.p.) = gone,…

The Past Perfect Tense (Passive Voice)

1. Review: the past perfect tense The past perfect is for a past that has happened before another past. It requires two past events: a first past event, and then a second past event that happened before it. It is made by:had + p.p. (+ past tense event) *Perfect participle…

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