Grammar 4

The Future Continuous Tense

1. What is the future continuous tense? The future continuous tense is used to say what will be happening at a future time. 2. How to make the future continuous tense The future continuous tense is made by:will be …ing oris going to be …ing A future continuous tense sentence…

If: The 1st Conditional

1. What is the 1st conditional? The 1st conditional is an ‘if’ phrase for cause and effect. That means ‘if x happens, y happens’. 2. How to make the 1st conditional The 1st conditional is made by:if phrase (present tense) + will phrase if phrase (present tense) will phrase full…

If: The 2nd Conditional

1. What is the 2nd conditional? The 2nd conditional is an ‘if’ phrase for hypotheticals. This means it is for things you can imagine, but are not true. 2. How to make the 2nd conditional To make the 2nd conditional, use:if phrase (past tense) + would/could phrase *Note: the would/could…

If: The 3rd Conditional

1. What is the 3rd conditional? The 3rd conditional is an ‘if’ phrase for ‘alternative realities’. That means it is for thinking how life would be different if an event in the past had been different. 2. How to make the 3rd conditional There are two ways to talk about…

If: The 0 Conditional

1. What is the 0 conditional? The 0 conditional is an ‘if’ phrase for relationships that are always true. This means when x always makes y. 2. How to make the 0 conditional To make the 0 conditional, use:if phrase (present tense) + present tense if phrase (present tense) present…

The Present Perfect Continuous Tense

1. When to use the present perfect continuous tense The present perfect continuous tense is used for:1. saying how long you have been doing something2. what you have been doing recently 2. Review: the present perfect tense The present perfect and the present perfect continuous are similar. The present perfect…

Wish + Past Tense

1. Wishing life was different To talk about things you wish were different, use:‘wish’ + past tense’ *Note: although the past tense is used, it is talking about things now. This is because ‘wish’ moves tenses backwards.* Change ‘can’ to ‘could’, and ‘will’ to ‘would’. Problem 1. Wish 2. Past…

Wish + Past Perfect

1. Regrets Regrets are:1. things that you did, but wish you had not.2. things you did not do, but wish you did. To talk about regrets, use:wish + past perfect *The past perfect is ‘had + p.p.’.P.p is done, gone, seen, eaten, etc.. Regret 1. Wish 2. Past perfect 3.…

The Present Perfect Tense + already/still/just/yet

1. Review: the present perfect tense The present perfect tense is used when:– the action is finished– but the time is not finished It is made by:have + p.p. I have gone to five different places today.(going to places: finished)(today: not finished) She has been to Cairo twice.(going to Cairo:…

The Present Tense (Passive Voice)

1. Review: the present tense The present tense is used to describe things that are true:a) things that are true nowb) things that are always or generally truec) schedulesd) opinions To make the present tense, use:verb (in simple form) verb in simple form example do I do my homework every…

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