Literary Devices

First Person Narration

1. What is it? First person narration is the using of the self (‘I’) as the storyteller. 2. Why use it? Better describe feelings and thoughts, as these seem to actually come from the narrator’s own mind. More authentic and personal, especially for non-fiction, autobiography and poetry. Focus on one…

Epistrophe

What is epistrophe? Epistrophe is the repeating of words or phrases at the end of sentences or clauses. It is used to emphasise a point. Making epistrophe Making epistrophe is simple:1. choose a strong point2. repeat that point at the end of each clause. Examples What did he talk about?…

Anaphora

What is anaphora? Anaphora is the repeating of the same words or phrases at the beginning of clauses. It is used to add effect, or add emphasis. How to make anaphora Making anaphora is simple:1. choose a key phrase that emphasises the subject.2. repeat the phrase, changing the object Examples…

Chiasmus

What is chiasmus? Chiasmus is a statement (or question) formed by reversing the parts of a sentence. Most people don’t know the meaning of the word ‘chiasmus’, but know several famous examples. Creating chiasmus To create chiasmus, one needs:1. make a sentence2. repeat the sentence, but with parts reversed Examples…

Koan

What is a koan? A koan is an idea borrowed from Zen Buddhism. It refers to a philosophical question or statement that appears simple, but whose answer can be deep and meaningful. There is usually no ‘correct’ answer to a koan. Almost every answer is equally valid. How to make…

Soraismus

What is soraismus? Soraismus is mixing different languages, often using foreign words incorrectly or without understanding the word’s true meaning. How to make soraismus Very simply, to make soraismus one has to know some foreign words. Then substitute these words into one’s native language. Soraismus can be done by accident.…

Synecdoche

What is synecdoche? Synecdoche is when a part of something is used to represent the whole thing, or a whole thing is used to represent only a part. How to make synecdoche There are different ways to create synecdoche: 1. Use only a part of something to represent the whole…

Simile (simple)

What is a simile? Similes are used to compare two things using ‘as … as…’ or ‘…is like…’. How to make a simile 1. as (adj) as (noun)2. (v.) like … Common similes as (adj.) as (noun) as blind as a bat as mad as a hatter as busy as…

Metaphor (simple)

What is a metaphor? A metaphor uses the ideas and characteristics of one object to describe another object. Examples Metaphor Explanation He has a heart of stone stone = cold and no emotionhis heart = cold and no emotion Love is war war = filled with pain and deathlove =…

Analogy

What is an analogy? An analogy is using one thing or event to explain the qualities of another thing or event. It usually involves a real situation other people know, or a situation others can easily understand. The difference between an analogy, a metaphor and a simile are not that…

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