(Verb 1) + to (verb 2) vs. (verb 1) + (verb 2) ing
Sometimes you need to put two verbs next to each other.
Putting verbs next to each other can happen in two different ways:
(verb 1) + to (verb 2)
(verb 1) + (verb 2) ing
(Verb 1) + to (verb 2)
The most common way to put verbs next to each other is:
(verb 1) + to (verb 2).
This simply means that the second verb is in the ‘infinitive’ form (i.e. uses ‘to’).
Examples of (verb 1) + infinitive
|I like to go swimming.||Julius and I prefer to watch the football at the pub.|
|She doesn’t want to go to school tomorrow.||You have to do your homework before 9 o’clock.|
|Lex and Tim need to find Dr. Grant.||The boys need to pay their tuition.|
(Verb 1) + (verb 2) ing
After some verbs, the second verb can use …ing.
In this case, the verb is acting like a noun.
This type of noun-style verb is called a ‘gerund’.
Examples of (verb 1) + gerund
|I like dancing.||We started walking at 6am.|
|You should stop smoking.||The staff will finish working late tonight.|
|They hate playing computer games.||Denise prefers reading to watching TV.|
When to use infinitives and when to use gerunds
Some verb 1s can be followed by infinitives or gerunds:
|love||I love to sing.||I love singing.|
|like||She likes to eat.||She likes eating.|
|hate||They hate to speak on the phone.||They hate speaking on the phone.|
|prefer||We prefer to win rather than to lose.||We prefer winning rather than losing.|
|start||You started to snore.||You started snoring.|
|continue||Please continue to talk.||Please continue talking.|
Some verbs can only be followed by gerunds.
|enjoy||I enjoy playing basketball.|
|detest||She detests sitting in coffee shops.|
|consider||We considered going to the zoo.|
|avoid||Why are you avoiding having a shower?|
|finish||What time will you finish jogging?|
|suggest||Annie suggests listening to your father.|
|put off||She put off revising until the night before the exam.|
|practice||I practice playing the violin every evening.|
|mind||I don’t mind waiting for you.|
|miss||Henry misses having a swimming pool.|
|feel like||I feel like getting drunk.|
|forgive||We forgave you crashing the car, but this is too much.|
Other verbs generally use the infinitive, including the common verbs want, need, and have.
|want||I want to sleep now.|
|need||You need to stop listening to her.|
|have||They have to buy a new TV.|