What are imperatives?
Imperatives are used to tell people to do something.
Imperatives can be used:
– to give orders
– to give instructions
– to invite people to do something
– on signs
How are imperatives made
Most sentences use subject + verb + object.
However, imperatives do not use a subject. This means the verb is the first, and most important, word.
|Sentence (with subject)||Imperative (without subject)|
|I closed the door.||Close the door.|
|You should be careful.||Be careful.|
|She will kill him.||Kill him.|
Imperatives that give orders
|Be quiet!||Listen to the teacher.|
|Stop calling me.||Don’t look at me.|
|Go to school. ||Tidy your room.|
|Come here.||Go away.|
Imperatives that give instructions
|Write your name in the box.||Place your right hand on her waist.|
|Make sentences using these words.||Glue part 1 to part 2.|
|Send your application before the 10th.||Cook the meat for 15 minutes, then add the vegetables. |
|Wash at a cold temperature.||Open the box and take out the pieces. |
Imperatives that invite people to act
|Have a seat.||Take 10 minutes off.|
|Help yourself.||Take your shoes off and relax a little.|
|Take anything you want. ||Please, come to my birthday party. |
|Put your bags on the table.||Eat, eat.|
Imperatives on signs
|Do not enter.||Close after using. |
|Shake before use.||Stop at the junction. |
|Press here to turn on.||Shower before swimming. |
|Wash separately.||Twist the cap to open.|
Using ‘do’ to be more polite
Placing the word ‘do’ in front of the imperative can make it more polite.
However, that politeness may not be sincere.
|Do sit down.||Do shut up. |
|Please, do come.||Do go away.|
|Do be good. ||Oh, do grow up.|
|Do help yourself to wine.||Do tell me why I should listen to you this time. |