Singulars and Plurals
What are singulars and plurals?
A singular is a word that tells us there is only one.
A plural is a word that tells us there are more than one.
cat is singular (there is only one cat)
cats is plural (there are more than one cat)
Different types of plurals
Most plurals are made by adding ‘s’ to the singular.
However, not all plurals are like this.
Nouns ending in ‘o’, ‘s’, ‘ch’, ‘th’, ‘sh’ or ‘x’ usually use ‘es’ for plurals:
However, this is not always true (for example, 1 path and 2 paths).
Nouns that end in one ‘f’ (or have an ‘f’ as the last sound) often change the ‘f’ to ‘v’, then add ‘es’:
Again, this is not always true (for example: 1 reef, 2 reefs).
Some nouns in English have unusual plurals:
Unfortunately there is not an easy way to learn these; usually English speakers learn through experience.
No change plurals
There are some plurals (most often animals) that are the same as the singular:
Uncountable nouns are different
Singulars tell us there is one. Plurals tell us there are more than one.
But some nouns cannot be counted.
These uncountable nouns do not need plurals.
|Uncountable noun||Don’t say||Do say|
If talking about food, we usually only count if the food makes different meals on different plates.
I have some pizza. (pizza is general, and uncountable)
We bought 2 pizzas. (the pizzas are clearly separate)