What are possessives?
Possessives are words that tell us to whom something belongs.
There are different types of possessives:
a) possessive determiners
b) possessive pronouns
c) ‘add s’ possessives
Possessive determiners are words that tell us who something belongs to.
They are based on subject pronouns.
|Subject pronoun||Possessive determiner||Example|
|I||my||It is my book.|
|you||your||It is your book.|
|he||his||It is his book.|
|she||her||It is her book.|
|it||its||It is its book.|
|we||our||It is our book.|
|they||their||It is their book.|
Examples of possessive determiners
Don’t touch my computer!
Your dinner is on the table.
I like his new car.
They will use our tickets.
There is no money in their bank account.
Possessive pronouns are words that tell us a thing belongs to someone.
While possessive determiners go next to the noun (for example: this is my cookie), possessive pronouns go next to the verb (for example: this cookie is mine).
In the S.V.O. (subject-verb-object) sentence structure, they can be the subject or the object. This means they can go at the beginning or end (usually the end).
|Subject pronoun||Possessive determiner||Possessive pronoun||Example|
|I||my||mine||the book is mine|
|you||your||yours||the book is yours|
|he||his||his||the book is his|
|she||her||hers||the book is hers|
|it||its||its||the book is its|
|we||our||ours||the book is ours|
|they||their||theirs||the book is theirs|
Example of possessive pronouns
This is mine.
Which house is yours?
The dog is hers.
You need a ticket? You can take ours.
There are many cakes here, but yours is the best.
For normal nouns, an ‘s’ can be added to tell us something belongs to it.
If the noun is singular (only one), an apostrophe goes before the s.
If the noun is plural (more than one), it usually already has an s. The apostrophe goes after the s.
|Singular noun||Possessive||Plural nouns||Possessive|
|the house||the house’s||the houses||the houses’|
|the teacher||the teacher’s||the teachers||the teachers’|
|a cat||a cat’s||cats||cats’|
|a city||a city’s||cities||cities’|
Examples of ‘s’ possessives
|The shop’s boss is old.||The companies’ owners are angry. (more than one company)|
|A man’s best friend is his dog.||Cats’ eyes shine in the dark. (more than one cat)|
|I took the girl’s chocolate bar.||The kids’ teacher plays the piano. (more than one kid)|
|We usually go to Ada’s house after school.||The jars’ contents smell terrible. (more than one jar)|