‘People’ vs. ‘Persons’

Common Modern Usage Generally 'person' is used for the singular. 'People' is used for the plural. 1 person 100 people 'Persons' The common modern usage of 'person' and 'people' is…

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The Zero Article

Not every noun needs 'a', 'an' or 'the'. There are also times when you can drop 'a', 'an' and 'the' Uses of the zero article 1. When talking generally about…

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Fronted Structures

What is a fronted structure? There are times (usually speaking) when basic grammar is changed so people can emphasise something. It is often used for negative sentences. To do this,…

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Invitations and Offers

Different phrases suggest different levels of formality (less polite or more polite) General Invitation Phrases Fancy (noun)? (very informal) Fancy ...ing? (very informal) Do you fancy (noun)? (very informal) Do…

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Wish vs. Hope

Wish There are different types of 'wish' structures: 1. Wanting a change of state 2. Wishing for ability 3. Regret 4. Annoyance / want for external activity to stop or…

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Hypotheticals

Hypotheticals are situations one imagines - they are based on the idea 'what if x happened?' The 2nd Conditional (if...would) The second conditional is 'if x happened, what would be…

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Reduced Adverbial Clauses

An adverbial clause is a clause that relates to, or changes, the verb in the main clause (an adverbial clause must go with a main clause). Different Adverbial Clauses There…

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Should / Could / Would / Must Have

Generally we use the perfect modals for: 1. Events that didn't happen in the past 2. Events that couldn't have happened. Should Have / Shouldn't Have Uses: 1. Regret 2.…

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