‘not including’, ‘all of these, but not this’

I play football every day except for Monday.
(= I play football every day (Tuesday to Sunday), but not Monday)

All the students passed, apart from Dave.
All the students passed except for Dave.

I have travelled to all the countries in western Europe apart from Portugal.
I have travelled to all the countries in western Europe except for Portugal.

Apart from chocolate, I like every sort of ice cream.
I like every sort of ice cream except for chocolate.