Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the USA

When did he live?  他活了多久?

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12th 1809 in Kentucky. He was assassinated on April 15th 1865.
亚伯拉罕·林肯出生于1809年2月12日的肯塔基州,他在1865年4月15日被暗杀。

Why is he famous? 他为何出名?

Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States (1860-1865).
林肯是美国第16任总统(1860-1865)。

He is most famous for being the President during the American Civil War, and for introducing the Emancipation Act that would lead to the abolition of slavery.
他是在美国南北战争期间最出名的总统,他推崇的解放法案将会导致奴隶制度的废除。

His assassination, by John Wilkes Booth at the Ford Theater in Washington, is a famous moment in US history.
他在华盛顿的福特剧院被约翰·威尔克斯·布斯暗杀,成为了美国历史上的著名时刻。

Lincoln (young)
A Young Abraham Lincoln

What was his mark on history? 他在历史上留下了什么?

Abraham Lincoln is often named as one of the top 3 American Presidents. He is one of the four Presidents on Mount Rushmore and appears on the one penny coin.
亚伯拉罕·林肯经常被认为是美国前三名的总统之一。他是拉什莫尔山的四总统之一,同时他的肖像也出现在一分钱的硬币上。

Victory in the Civil War, which was started because many southern states wanted to make their own laws, meant Lincoln and the northern federal government remained in power. The power of America’s central government over state government remains in place today.
美国南北战争起因于许多南部地区想要制定他们自己的法律,它的胜利意味着林肯和北部联邦政府继续掌权。现在美国中央政府对州政府的权利保持在一个合适的位置。

Lincoln’s Emancipation Act lead to the 13th Amendment to the Constitution which, on December 18th 1865, outlawed slavery in the USA.
林肯的解放行动导致了宪法第13法案修正案的确立,在1865年12月18日,禁止了美国的奴隶制度。

His 1863 Gettysburg Address is one of the most famous speeches in history.
他1863的葛底斯堡演说是历史是上最著名的演讲之一

The Lincoln Memorial
The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC

Notes 注释 

Abraham Lincoln was a self-educated lawyer from a relatively poor family. He became linked to Chicago after his family moved there in the 1830s. In 1842 he married Mary Todd after breaking off a previous engagement to her.
亚伯拉罕·林肯是一位从贫穷家庭出生的自学成才的律师。他与芝加哥的关联起始于他的家庭在1830年搬到了哪里。他在先前打破了与玛丽托德婚约之后于1842年娶了她。

At the age of 22 Lincoln decided to canoe down the Sangamon River and take a boat to New Orleans. He then walked home.
22岁的林肯决定乘独木舟沿桑加蒙河向下,然后乘船到新奥尔良,之后步行回家。

Lincoln’s nickname was ‘Honest Abe’. In his political career he pushed for more open land ownership laws, and an end to the demonizing of Mexicans. He lost numerous elections in his early career, but as American politics changed – and after a major speech in 1860 – he was suddenly spoken of as a potential President (many people have seen similarities between Lincoln’s rise and that of Barack Obama).
林肯的昵称是“诚实的亚伯”,在他的政治生涯中,他推动更多开放土地所有权的法律,结束了对墨西哥人的偏见。他在早期的职业生涯中失去了许多的选票,但随 着美国政治的变化,以及在1860年那次重要演讲之后,他忽然间被称为是最有潜力的总统候选人(许多人在林肯和奥巴马的成功中看到了相似之处)。

Lincoln’s decisions did lead to the end of slavery, but they were as much based on politics as on sentiment: emancipating the slaves in the southern states ensured a wave of support for the north amongst African-Americans (about 200 000 of which then joined the Federalist army). Indeed, whilst Lincoln didn’t like the idea of slavery and spoke of all men being equal, he did not believe blacks should have the same rights as whites in terms of land and voting, and supported the idea of moving African Americans to new colonies.
林肯决定要废除奴隶制,但是那些决定较情感来说更多地是建立在政治上的:通过解放南方地区的奴隶来确保一大波对北面非洲裔美国人的支持(其中大约有 200000人加入了联邦军队)。的确,林肯虽不喜欢奴隶制的想法,并称所有人都是平等的,但他不认为黑人应该在土地权和投票权中享有和白人一样的权利, 同时支持将非洲裔美国人迁移到新的殖民地的想法。

His unusual appearance has made people believe he suffered from a disease, possibly Marfan’s Syndrome or MEN2b.
他与常人不同的外表使人们认为他得了病,可能是马凡氏综合征或MEN2B

Victory in the Civil War cost Lincoln his life: only 6 days after General Robert E. Lee surrendered John Wilkes Booth (a Confederate sympathiser) shot Lincoln.
内战的胜利让林肯付出了生命的代价:仅在罗伯特将军头像的6天后,约翰沃克斯布斯(一个同盟支持者)射杀了林肯。

The question ‘What would Lincoln do?’ became famous when Franklin D. Roosevelt used it concerning America’s decision to join World War II.
“林肯会怎么做?”这个问题成了富兰克林罗斯福考虑美国是否参加二战时候的经典问题。