Jane Austen, Author
Jane Austen, Author

When did she live? 他生活在什么年代?

Jane Austen was born in Steventon, Hampshire, England, on 16 December 1775. She died on 18 July 1817
简•奥斯汀于1775年12月16日出生在英格兰的汉普郡史蒂文顿。她在1817年7月18日去世。

Why is she famous? 为什么他很有名?

Jane Austen is one of England’s most famous writers. She is also possibly the most famous female writer from a time when very few women were published.
简•奥斯汀是英国历史上最有名的作家之一,她同时也可能是那个女性的书籍很少被发行的年代里最有名的女作家。

Austen wrote 6 novels, 4 of which were published whilst she was alive. ‘Sense and Sensibility’, ‘Pride and Prejudice’, and ‘Emma’ are her most well-known.
奥斯汀写了6部小说,其中4部在她在世时被发行,《理智与情感》、《傲慢与偏见》以及《艾玛》是最闻名遐迩的。

Jane Austen's 'Persuasion' Manuscript
Jane Austen’s ‘Persuasion’ Manuscript

What was her mark on history? 他在历史上的主要地位是怎么样的?

Austen’s works remain some of the most loved examinations of English 18th Century upper-middle class life. Her stories and details about the social manners and expectations, especially those placed upon women, are held up as important commentaries on the advantages and problems of the class system of the time.
奥斯汀的作品依然是关于英国18世纪中上流社会生活最受欢迎的的考证依据,她那些关于社会风俗和社会期望的故事和细节,尤其是关于施加于女性的,被用作为关于社会阶级的优点和问题的重要评注。

Rather than dramatic incidents, Austen’s work focused on family dynamics and social pressures: the need families felt to hold a position; the belief children had to fulfill certain expectations; the manner in which class overrode matters of love and friendship; the emphasis of women doing right by parents and husbands rather than being educated or free.
抛开剧情斗转的跌宕情节,奥斯汀的作品更多的着重于家族矛盾和社会压力:家族对于地位的需求;孩子们对于满足某些愿望的信念;在某些阶级里,风俗比爱情和友情更重要;父母和丈夫对于女性行为正确与否更重视,而非让其得到教育和解放。

Jane Austen Portrait
Jane Austen Portrait

Notes 备注

Jane Austen had six brothers and 1 sister. This large family helped her understand family dynamics and the social expectations placed on the different genders and children of different ages.
简•奥斯汀有6个兄弟和1个姐姐,这样一个大家族也帮助她理解了家庭动态,以及社会对于不同性别、不同年龄的孩子的不同期望。

Austen’s popularity exploded in the late 20th century thanks to a BBC production of Pride and Prejudice. This 6-part series sold around the world, made a star of Colin Firth, and led to a rush of costume dramas about English aristocracy and relationships.
20世纪末期,在BBC电视台制作播放了《傲慢与偏见》之后,奥斯汀的受欢迎程度开始激增,这部六集的电视剧被卖到了全世界,让主演科林菲尔斯成为了明星,也引发了一股英国贵族言情古装剧的热潮。

Jane Austen is on the new Bank of England 10 pound note.
简•奥斯汀被印在了新英国银行十英镑的票面上。