Changing the V in SVO

In the present tense, different subjects change the verb.

I
You
He (verb + s)
She (verb + s)
It (verb + s)
We
They
Some
Many

A male (he), a female (she), and a thing (it) all add ‘s’ to the verb too.
For example: Dave = he; Anna = she; the cat = it

Examples

I play tennis.
You play tennis.
He plays tennis
She plays tennis.
It plays tennis.
We play tennis.
They play tennis.
Some people play tennis.
Many people play tennis.

I like oranges.
You like oranges.
Dave likes oranges. (Dave = he)
Anna likes oranges. (Anna = she)
The cat likes oranges. (The cat = it)
We like oranges.
They like oranges.
Some cats like oranges.
Many dogs like oranges.

Add ‘es’

If the verb ends in a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) then add ‘es’.

If a verb ends in x, ch, sh. or th, then add ‘es’

(note: this is usually true, but not always)

I go to school.
You go to school.
He goes to school.
She goes to school.
It goes to school.
We go to school.
They go to school.
Some adults go to school.
Many bananas go to school.

(Note: verbs ending in ‘consonant + y’ often change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and then add ‘es’: fly – flies)

Important Exceptions

1. be

I am
He / She / It is
You / We / They / Some / Many are

2. have

I / You / We / They / Some / Many have
He/She/It has

Exercises

Make the correct present tense verb endings for the following verbs:

sleep
drink
buy (* note ‘buy’ does not end in consonant + y)
wash
brush