Prepositions tell us where something is.

Some basic prepositions

in
on
under
by
next to
beside
above
below
at
inside
outside

Using Prepositions

In a full sentence, prepositions are used
1) after a verb.
2) after a noun, to say where the noun is

1. Examples of prepositions after a verb

I live in Russia.
He plays football in the garden.
She studies at the best school in town.
We jumped over the fence.

2. Examples of prepositions after a noun

The shoes next to the door are his.
The plate on the table needs washed.
The keys beside the bowl are yours.

Answering ‘Where?’ Questions

When answering questions about where something is, long answers can be made shorter:

Question: “Where are my glasses?”
Long answer: “They are on the table.”
Short answer: “On the table.”

Question: “Where is the dog?”
Long answer: “It’s outside.”
Short answer: “Outside.”

Exercises

1. Make sentences using these verbs and prepositions

(i) throw + on
(ii) put + under
(iii) lives + in

2. Make sentences using these nouns and prepositions

(i) the pig + next to
(ii) Dave + under
(iii) a lion + outside

3. Describe what you can see and where it is