Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister

When did he live? 他生活在什么年代?

Winston Churchill was born on 30 November 1874. He died on 24 January 1965.
温斯顿·丘吉尔出生在1874年11月30日,于1965年1月24日去世。

A Young Winston Churchill
A Young Winston Churchill

Why is he famous? 为什么他很有名?

Churchill was twice Prime Minister of the UK (1940 – 1945; 1951 – 1955). His first stint as Prime Minister was during World War II. The legacy of winning World War II – although Churchill was never on the battlefield – is huge.
丘吉尔是两届英国首相 (1940 – 1945; 1951 – 1955),他第一次就任英国首相是在第二次世界大战期间,虽然丘吉尔从来没有上过战场,但是他对获取第二次世界大战的胜利起到了巨大的作用。

Churchill was also a famous orator, wit, and writer. His speech referred to as ‘We’ll fight them on the beaches’ remains one of the best known war-time speeches. His famous off-the-cuff remarks are also well-known.
丘吉尔同时也是一个有名的演说家、智者和作家。他的关于“我们会在海滩上击败他们”的演说是最知名的战时演说之一,而他著名的即兴点评也被人们所熟知。

Churchill is also the only Prime Minister to win a Nobel Prize for Literature.
丘吉尔也是唯一一个通过文学作品获得诺贝尔奖的首相。

His lifestyle – he was a famously heavy drinker – also helped to create a charismatic figure and the Churchill legend.
他的生活方式,比如他是一个重度酒精爱好者,也帮助塑造了他的充满魅力的人物形象以及丘吉尔传奇。

World War II Leaders
World War II Leaders: Winston Churchill (UK), Franklin D. Roosevelt (USA), Joseph Stalin (USSR)

What was his mark on history? 他在历史上的主要地位是怎么样的?

As the inspiring leader of the UK during World War II, Churchill’s place in British history is secure. His speeches and style of leadership during the war even created a new word: ‘Churchillian’.
作为二战时期的英国领袖,丘吉尔在英国历史上的地位非常稳固。他在二战时期的演说和领袖风范甚至还创造了一个新单词“丘吉尔作风”。

As well as being held in the utmost respect in the UK, where he is seen as a great national leader, Churchill is also popular outside the UK. For example, he was named an honorary citizen of the United States due to his war efforts.
作为一个伟大的国家领导人,丘吉尔在英国国内得到了最大程度的尊敬,而他在英国以外也非常受欢迎,打个比方,他因为在抗战时期的努力获得了美国荣誉市民的称号。

In 2002 a vote by the British public named Winston Churchill the greatest Briton in history.
在2002年的一项全英国的公开投票中,温斯顿·丘吉尔被选为历史上最伟大的英国人。

Notes 备注

Churchill came from an aristocratic family: his father was the chancellor of the UK, and his grandfather was a duke. Churchill’s family are also connected to that of Princess Diana.
丘吉尔出生在一个贵族家庭,他的父亲英国大臣,而他的祖父则是一个公爵。丘吉尔的家庭也和戴安娜王妃家庭有关系。

Churchill fought in the British army (seeing action in the second Boer War, India, and the Sudan), and was a war correspondent.
丘吉尔有参加过英国军队,担任一名通讯员。(参见二次布尔战争、印度和苏丹的章节)

Part of the reason Churchill became Prime Minister at the outbreak of World War II was that he was an early leader in speaking of the dangers of Nazi Germany.
丘吉尔在二战时期成为首相的部分原因是因为他是最早提出德国纳粹威胁的领袖。

Famous Quotes 著名言论

Lady Astor: “Sir, if you were my husband, I would poison your drink.
Winston Churchill: “Madam, if you were my wife, I would drink it.”
阿斯特女士:“先生,如果你是我的丈夫,我会在你的酒里下毒”
温斯顿·丘吉尔:“女士,如果你是的妻子,我会喝下这杯酒”

Lady Astor: “Mr. Churchill, you’re drunk!”
Winston Churchill: “Yes, and you, Madam, are ugly. But tomorrow, I shall be sober.”
阿斯特女士:“丘吉尔先生,你喝醉了!”
温斯顿·丘吉尔:“是的,而你,女士,很丑陋,但是到了明天,我会感到清醒。”

“Americans always try to do the right thing — after they’ve tried everything else.”
“美国人总是尝试去做正确的事情,在他们尝试过所有其他选择之后。”