Kurt Cobain, Musician
Kurt Cobain, Musician

When did he live? 他生活在什么年代?

Kurt Cobain was born on February 20, 1967 in the town of Aberdeen, near Seattle. He committed suicide on April 5, 1994.
科特•柯本于1967年2月20日出生于阿伯丁市,临近西雅图,他在1994年4月5日自尽。

Why is he famous? 为什么他很有名?

Kurt Cobain was the lead singer, songwriter and guitarist for the band Nirvana. Nirvana was one the most successful groups of the 1990s.
科特•柯本是涅磐乐队的主唱、作曲者和吉他手。涅磐乐队是90年代最成功的组合之一。

The success of Nirvana’s second album, Nevermind, made Cobain a superstar, and the media painted him as a spokesperson for ‘Generation X’ (the directionless children born between 1960 and 1980).
涅磐乐队第二张专辑《Nevermind》取得的成功让柯本成为了一位巨星,媒体把他称为“X时代”的代言人(X时代指出生在1960年到1980年的没有方向的孩子)

Cobain and his wife Courtney Love (herself a singer, guitarist and song-writer with the band Hole) both had heavy drug addictions, including heroin. This addiction and dysfunction was part of the media fascination with him.
柯本和他的妻子科特妮•洛芙(同样也是一个歌手,是洞穴乐队的吉他手和作曲者)都有很重的毒瘾,包括海洛因,他对毒品的上瘾和机能失调也是媒体希望报道他的主要原因。

The death of Kurt Cobain was a major news story. Reportedly deeply unhappy, Cobain supposedly had tried to kill himself one month earlier. When he disappeared for a few days at the beginning of April 1994, many people began to believe Nirvana was breaking up; instead his body was found on April 8th in his home, believed to have been there for 3 days. He had shot himself.
科特•柯本的去世是一个重大的新闻,报道称,柯本情绪很不好,在去世一个月前就尝试过自杀。1994年4月初他失踪了几天之后,人们开始猜测涅磐乐队是不是解散了,然而事实上他的尸体在4月8日被发现,警方证明尸体已经在那3天了,他用枪射死了自己。

Kurt Cobain on Stage
Kurt Cobain on Stage

What is his mark on history? 他在历史上的主要地位是怎么样的?

Nevermind is often called one of the best and most influential albums of modern times. Nirvana’s other albums were ‘Bleach’, ‘In Utero’, and some live recordings – all have sold millions of copies.
《Nevermind》本人们称为是现代最棒也是最有影响力的音乐专辑之一,涅磐乐队其他的专辑比如《Bleach》、《In Utero》和一些其他的现场专辑都大卖了百万张。

Nirvana’s success, along with other bands from the area, made the city of Seattle famous for ‘grunge’ music in the 1990s. Although grunge music is not as popular now, it was one of the key movements in late-20th century rock and is a part of Seattle’s history.
涅磐乐队的成功,外加其他当地的乐队,让西雅图在90年代因这种车库摇滚音乐而闻名,虽然这种音乐风格目前已经不再流行,但这也是20世纪末期摇滚音乐界最重要的一场音乐风潮,并且在西雅图的历史上值得一书。

Notes 备注

Although fans and the media loved Cobain he was not comfortable being famous, feeling a lot of people didn’t understand his music.
虽然歌迷和媒体都很喜欢柯本,但是他并不喜欢出名的感觉,认为很多人都不能够理解他的音乐。

Cobain was a supporter of gay rights, pro-choice (the right for women to choose to have an abortion), and overall equality.
柯本支持同性恋权利,女性选择是否堕胎的权利,以及(人类)各方面的平等。

There were 3 people in Nirvana. The final line-up was: Cobain, Krist Novoselic (bass guitar), and Dave Grohl (drums). Grohl replaced an earlier drummer, Chad Channing, after Nirvana’s first album, and went on to become the lead guitarist, singer and songwriter for the successful band Foo Fighters.
涅磐乐队共有三个成员,最后的阵容是柯本、克里斯特•诺弗塞利克(贝斯手)和戴夫•格罗尔(鼓手)。格罗尔在乐队第一张专辑后替代了团队早期的鼓手查德•钱宁,之后又成为了著名的喷火战机乐队的主吉他手,主唱和作曲者。

Kurt Cobain is another member of ‘The 27 Club’, the group of famous musicians and actors who have died at the age of 27.
科特•柯本是另一个“27岁俱乐部”的成员,一个在27岁去世的知名音乐人/演员。