Michael Jordan, Basketball Player
Michael Jordan, Basketball Player

When was he born? 他的出生

Michael Jordan was born on February 17th 1963 in Brooklyn, New York.
迈克尔·乔丹于1963年2月17日出生于纽约布鲁克林。

Why is he famous? 为什么他很有名?

Michael Jordan was a famous basketball player. Some people say he was the best player ever.
迈克尔·乔丹是一个著名的篮球运动员,有些人把他成为有史以来最伟大的运动员。

Jordan’s NBA career was mostly spent with the Chicago Bulls. He won six NBA titles with them (and was finals MVP in all 6). He also won 5 league MVP awards, a Defensive Player of the Year award, multiple scoring titles, and had numerous All-Star appearances.
乔丹的NBA生涯大部分时间都在芝加哥公牛队渡过,他带队拿到过6次NBA总冠军(并且是全部6次总决赛MVP),他同时也获得过5次联盟最有价值球员,一次年度最佳防守球员,多次得分王,以及无数次的全明星参赛。

Jordan’s career featured many well-known moments: famous dunks; last-second winners; scoring 38 points in a playoff game despite having the flu; crying on winning the NBA Championship on Father’s Day as he remembered his dad.
乔丹的职业生涯有着多次世界闻名的运动瞬间,著名的灌篮,最后时刻的致胜得分,在一场季后赛中得了流感依然拿下38分的高分,在父亲节拿到总冠军后因为想到自己的父亲而痛哭流涕。

Jordan is also famous as a brand: Nike’s Air Jordan shoes became a huge success (and are still sold in their millions today). Jordan also became involved in clothing, restaurants, and movies.
乔丹的同名品牌也非常知名,耐克的Air Jordan系列鞋款取得了巨大的成功(至今仍然大卖)乔丹同时也涉足到了服装、餐饮和电影领域。

Michael Jordan Playing for Chicago
Michael Jordan Playing for Chicago

What is his mark on history? 他有哪些历史成就?

In 1996 Jordan was voted amongst the 50 Greatest Players of All Time to celebrate 50 years of the NBA.
1996年,乔丹在庆祝NBA五十周年的评选中被选为历史上最伟大的50位球员之一。

In 2009 Jordan was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame.
2009年,乔丹被选入篮球名人堂。

Many of his scoring records still stand, as does his record 6 finals MVPs.
他的许多得分记录依然无人可以打破,同时也包括他的6次总决赛MVP。

Michael Jordan with his Championship Rings
Michael Jordan with his Championship Rings

Notes 备注

Although born in New York, Michael Jordan grew up in North Carolina. Before playing in the NBA he played for the University of North Carolina, and after he retired he bought North Carolina’s NBA team, the Charlotte Bobcats.
虽然出生于纽约,但是乔丹在北卡罗兰那长大,在进入NBA前他为北卡罗兰那校队打球,而在退役之后,他买下了当地的NBA球队,夏洛特山猫队。

Each summer, the NBA has a draft in which teams choose new players. Jordan was picked 3rd. Portland’s pick of Sam Bowie at number 2 has been called one of the worst draft picks in history (Bowie’s NBA career was troubled with injury as Jordan’s took off).
每一个夏天,NBA都有一个选秀大会,乔丹在第三位被选中,而当时第二位波特兰选中萨姆波维被称为是选秀历史上最差的决定之一(乔丹的职业生涯开始起飞时,波维已经开始受到伤病困扰)

Jordan retired twice during his playing career. His career ran:
1984 to 1993: Chicago Bulls
1993 to 1995: Retired
1995 to 1998: Chicago Bulls
1998 to 2001: Retired
2001 to 2003: Washington Wizards
乔丹在职业生涯中曾2次退役,
1984到1993: 芝加哥公牛队
1993到1995: 退役
1995到1998:芝加哥公牛队
1998到2001: 退役
2001到003: 华盛顿奇才队

During his first retirement, Jordan tried to become a baseball player.
在第一次退役期间,乔丹曾尝试成为一个棒球运动员。

Some fans and ex-players believe that the NBA pressured referees to help Jordan, therefore increasing his superstar status. This help was called ‘The Jordan Rules’, and led to the term ‘Superstar Rules’ in which fans feel superstar players get more calls from referees.
有一些球迷以及前NBA球员认为,联盟迫使裁判给予乔丹帮助,来帮助其成为超级巨星,他们称这种帮助为“乔丹哨”,然后这个词演变成了“巨星哨”,意思是超级巨星们更容易从裁判那里博得犯规的哨声。