Jimi Hendrix, Musician
Jimi Hendrix, Musician

When did he live? 他生活在什么年代?

James Marshall Hendrix was born on November 27th, 1942. He died of a drug overdose on September 18, 1970.
詹姆斯马绍尔亨德里克斯于1942年11月27日出生,于1970年9月18日因过量吸食毒品而去世。

Why is he famous? 为什么他很有名?

Many say Jimi Hendrix was the most creative guitar player of all time.
很多人都认为吉米亨德里克斯是有史以来最有创意的吉他手。

Songs such as ‘Hey Joe’, ‘All Along the Watchtower’, ‘Foxy Lady’, and ‘The Wind Cries Mary’ made him an international rock star.
诸如‘Hey Joe’, ‘All Along the Watchtower’, ‘Foxy Lady’和‘The Wind Cries Mary’ 等歌曲让他成为了全球闻名的摇滚巨星。

Hendrix’s live shows were also major performances: his version of the American national anthem (‘The Star-Spangled Banner’) at the Woodstock Festival was one of his most famous, whilst setting his guitar on fire at the Monterey Festival – and the iconic photo of the moment – is also widely known.
亨德里克斯的现场表演也很出彩。,他在伍德斯托克音乐节演绎的美国国歌(‘The Star-Spangled Banner’)是最著名的演出之一,而他在蒙特利流行音乐节上把自己的吉他点燃的照片也是轰动一时。

Of mixed blood, but primarily African-American, Jimi Hendrix was one of the first black people to become a major success in the predominantly white scene of rock.
虽然是混血,但是亨德里克斯主要还是非洲裔美国人,他也是第一个在此前被白人统治的摇滚音乐领域取得超前成功的黑人。

Jimi Hendrix on Stage
Jimi Hendrix on Stage

What is his mark on history? 他在历史上的主要地位是怎么样的?

Hendrix still has a big following of fans, particularly of people who like the guitar. His name remains one of the most famous in music (perhaps more famous than any of his songs).
亨德里克斯到目前还有很多粉丝,大部分都喜欢吉他。他的名字也仍然是音乐圈最有名的(或许比他任何一首歌都要知名)

The effects that Hendrix brought to his guitar playing – riffs using wah-wah pedals; deliberately using fuzz and distortion – have become common tools to modern day guitarists.
亨德里克斯对于吉他演奏方式的影响“用于即兴重复段的哇音踏板,故意加入模糊失真的效果”已经变成了当代吉他手的常规用具了。

Although African-Americans remain the minority in rock music, Hendrix did break this barrier.
虽然非洲裔美国人在摇滚音乐圈仍然是小众,但是亨德里克斯的确是打破了一道鸿沟。

Jimi Hendrix, photographed by David Montgomery
Jimi Hendrix, photographed by David Montgomery

Notes 备注

Hendrix taught himself how to play the guitar, and could not read music.
亨德里克斯是自学的吉他,他甚至无法阅读乐谱。

Despite being an American musical hero, Hendrix first found fame in the UK.
虽然是一个美国音乐传奇,但是亨德里克斯最早是在英国成的名。

亨德里克斯被人称为是“27俱乐部”的成员,因为他是一批27岁去世的著名音乐人中的一个。
Hendrix is part of ‘The 27 Club’, the name given to the array of famous musicians who have died aged 27.