Image of King Cnut
King Cnut, King of Denmark and England

When did he live? 他生活在什么年代?

Cnut was born in either 985 or 995. Nobody is sure where, but it is presumed in Denmark.
He died on November 12th, 1035
克努特出生于985年或者995年,没人知道出生地在哪里,人们猜测是在丹麦。他于1035年11月12日去世。

Why is he famous? 为什么他很有名?

Cnut was a Danish king who conquered much of England, leading to him sharing the English throne, and then being named king of England in 1016 (he ruled until his death in 1035). He was also the king of Norway and parts of Sweden. He therefore created a union between the British Isles and Scandinavia.
克努特作为丹麦国王征服了英格兰大部分的疆土,让他分享了英国王冠,随后在1016年成为英国国王(直到他在1035年去世)。他同时也是挪威和部分瑞典国土的国王。因此他之后在不列颠群岛和斯堪的纳维亚半岛之间创造了一个大联盟。

King Cnut
Modern Sketching of King Cnut

What was his mark on history? 他在历史上的主要地位是怎么样的?

Unfortunately for his place in history, Cnut’s death was quickly followed by the death of his children (all died within ten years of their father), leaving England open to William the Conqueror to invade from France in 1066. England’s union with Scandinavia was thus broken, and England became closer to France (as did the English language).
不幸的是,克努特去世后不久之后,他的后代们也纷纷死去(都死于他去世后的十年内),这也让征服王威廉一世能够在1066年从法国入侵英格兰。英格兰和斯堪的纳维亚半岛的联盟也被击破,英格兰变得距离法国更近了(英国语言也是)

‘Cnut and the Waves’ is a famous legend. The story goes that, having been told his word was so powerful that he could stop the tide, Cnut took his throne to the beach and tried to do this. He failed (although some suggest Cnut was actually trying to humbly prove he was not powerful).
“克努特和波浪”是一个著名的传说,这个故事是这样的,克努特被人告知自己的语言很有强大甚至可以阻挡潮汐,他竟然带着自己的皇冠来到沙滩尝试这样做,当然,他失败了。(也有些人认为这是克努特谦逊的证明自己并没有那么强大的行为。)

King Cnut Demands the Tide to Change
King Cnut Demands the Tide to Change

Notes 备注

History suggests that Cnut was generous to those who supported him, and strict on those who did not. Tax breaks were a keen tool in his reign.
历史表明克努特对那些支持他的人非常的慷慨,而对其余人则很严厉。减免税在他统治的年代是非常受欢迎的行为。

Whilst England became closer to France, Denmark, Norway and Sweden continued their Scandinavian relationship. Denmark is still considered part of Scandinavia today.
当英格兰和法国的距离拉近的时候,丹麦、挪威和瑞典依然维持着他们的斯堪的纳维亚关系。直到今天,丹麦仍被认为是斯堪的纳维亚的一部分。

Cnut is currently buried in Winchester Cathedral.
克努特目前被埋葬在温切斯特大教堂。